An Overview of Jamaica's Electricity Sector

Jamaica’s energy system is highly dependent on imported fossil fuels, petroleum imports account for over 80 percent of electricity production. This oil import dependency comes at a high cost.

Here’s a quick glance at how the sector has performed over the last five (5) years…

OPERATING REVENUES ($000’s) Dec-31-18 Dec-31-17 Dec-31-16 Dec-31-15 Dec-31-14
Residential 338,772 317,205 283,459 286,954 372,909
Commercial & Industrial (Sml.) 393,306 363,187 304,727 335,472 456,977
Commercial & Industrial (Lge.) 154,431 134,104 104,136 115,543 167,650
Other 21,745 22,373 20,212 21,850 25,703
TOTAL 908,254 836,869 712,534 759,819 1,023,240
AVERAGE NO. OF CUSTOMERS
Residential 587,592 574,458 564,242 536,462 531,363
Commercial & Industrial (Sml.) 69,750 67,874 66,750 62,517 62,294
Commercial & Industrial (Lge.) 169 162 157 150 150
Other 486 450 419 401 389
TOTAL 657,997 642,944 631,568 599,530 594,196
NET GENERATION AND PURCHASES (Mwh)
Steam & Slow Speed Diesel 1,354,599 1,466,690 1,668,268 1,530,023 1,460,626
Hydro 179,152 156,754 118,893 128,951 135,956
Gas Turbines 124,818 91,897 64,386 64,655 84,495
Combined Cycle Plant 901,834 820,466 705,634 806,279 769,622
Purchases 1,795,132 1,827,273 1,792,097 1,679,413 1,656,758
TOTAL 4,355,535 4,363,079 4,349,278 4,209,321 4,107,457
Losses & Unaccounted for (MWh) 1,153,884 1,155,940 1,169,970 1,137,973 1,094,478
Systems losses as a percentage of Net Generation 26.50% 26.50% 26.90% 27.00% 26.60%
Heat Rate JPS Thermal (Kj/kWh) 11,221 11,330 11,571 11,333 11,451
ENERGY SALES (MwH)
Residential 1,062,732 1,068,594 1,077,148 1,016,428 981,730
Commercial & Industrial (Sml.) 1,394,572 1,381,376 1,380,791 1,360,131 1,347,514
Commercial & Industrial (Lge.) 682,132 646,669 625,219 602,618 589,236
Other 62,214 110,500 96,150 92,172 94,499
TOTAL 3,201,650 3,207,139 3,179,308 3,071,349 3,012,979
AVERAGE USE & REVENUE
per residential customer
Annualized kWh Consumption/Customer 1,809 1,860 1,909 1,895 1,848
Annualized Revenues/Customer 577 552 502 535 702
U.S Dollars per kWh 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Average billing exchange rate for period 129.3 128.57 125.1 117 110.85
U.S. Cents per kWh 31.88 29.68 26.32 28.23 37.98

Current Electricity Generation Investments

Jamaica Public Service Company

Jamaica Public Service Company (JPS) owns about 14,000 kilometers of transmission and distribution lines that make up the national electricity grid. This includes 400 kilometers of 138 kilovolt (kV) lines and almost 800 kilometers of 69kV lines. The company has twelve 138/69 kV interbus transformers with a total capacity of 798 megavolt amperes (MVA), as well as 54 substation transformers with a total capacity of 1,026 MVA that transmit power from transmission lines to Jamaica’s 24 kV, 13.8 kV, and 12 kV distribution lines.

JPS produces electricity using steam (oil-fired), combustion gas turbines, combined cycle, diesel, hydroelectric, and wind which allow for a generation capacity in excess of 629 Megawatts. JPS also purchases additional electricity close to 297 MW from Independent Power Producers (IPPs) such as Jamaica Energy Partners (JEP), Jamaica Private Power Company (JPPC), Jamalco, and Wigton Wind Farm.  The grid currently provides electricity access to approximately 97% of Jamaican households.

Jamaica Energy Partners (JEP)

Jamaica Energy Partners is an Independent Power Provider that began commercial operations in October 1995, through its ownership of the Doctor Bird Power Plant. This Plant encompasses the company’s production facilities and is located at Old Harbour Bay, in the parish of St. Catherine.

Jamaica Private Power Company Ltd

Jamaica Private Power Company Ltd. is a power generation company.  As of October 30, 2007, Jamaica Private Power Co. Ltd. operates as a subsidiary of Inkia Energy Limited.  JPPC owns and operates two 29.8MW slow speed diesel generation units, two heat recovery steam generators, and a 4.2 MW steam turbine generator at a plant located in Kingston, Jamaica. The plant achieved Commercial Operations on January 6, 1998.  Jamaica Private Power has entered into a 20-year PPA with Jamaica Public Services Company, or JPSC, under which JPSC has agreed to purchase all of Jamaica Private Power’s capacity and electricity production. This PPA expires in January 2018.  JPPC represents over 20% of the power needs of Kingston and also provides power to the eastern half of the island.

Back to top
Skip to content