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An Overview of The Bauxite Sector

Brief History of Bauxite Extraction In Jamaica


In or around 1957, Jamaica had become the leading producer of bauxite in the world.  


By the 1970s, five refineries had been established in Jamaica.  There were Alcan’s two refineries, one of which was located at Ewarton, St. Catherine; ALPART at Nain, St. Elizabeth; Revere Copper’s refinery at Maggotty, St. Elizabeth and ALCOA’s refinery at Halse Hall, Clarendon.


In 1971, Australia overtook the island as the world's leading producer of bauxite. In 1978, Jamaica was overtaken by the West African republic of Guinea as the second largest producer of bauxite, and slipped into third place.

To date, no smelters have been built in Jamaica.