The Energy Policies at a Glance
The National Energy Policy (2009 – 2030)
The goals and strategies underpinning the National Energy Policy (2009 – 2030) are comprehensive and are expected to be flexible and adaptable to meet new challenges and opportunities as they arise. The strategic framework of the policy also addresses both supply and demand energy issues that the country faces and as such places priority attention on seven key areas:
- Security of Energy Supply through diversification of fuels as well as development of renewables;
- Modernizing the country’s energy infrastructure;
- Development of renewable energy sources such as solar and hydro;
- Energy conservation and efficiency;
- Development of a comprehensive governance/regulatory framework;
- Enabling government ministries, departments and agencies to be a model/leader for the rest of society in terms of energy management; and
- Eco-efficiency in industries.
By focusing on the seven priority areas listed above, the National Energy Policy will ensure that the country minimizes the effects of volatile and rising crude oil prices, takes advantage of renewable resources and promotes conservation and efficiency in the use of energy resources amongst all sectors of the society. The ultimate outcome of achieving the seven goals of this policy will be the provision of more affordable energy supplies to Jamaican consumers, an improved competitive base for the country, as well as sustainable growth and development of the nation.
Renewable Energy Sub-Policy
The Renewable Energy Sub-Policy focuses on meeting the national energy policy goals with regard to competitiveness, environment, and security of supply, R&D and the development of a sustainable energy market. The primary focus is on the deployment of wind, the emerging potential and deployment of biomass and biofuels, the development of energy-from-waste initiatives, exploratory work on ocean energy and the deployment of other technologies such as solar and hydro technologies.
The National Energy Conservation and Efficiency Sub-Policy
The National Energy Conservation and Efficiency Sub-Policy creates the enabling environment for “All Jamaicans to use energy wisely and continuously pursue opportunities for conservation and efficiency”. The Sub-Policy sets out the necessary strategies to guide conservation and efficiency and present targets and ways to monitor performance. The strategies presented in this Sub-Policy lay out various legislative and statutory guidelines, preferred technologies and energy conservation measures, as well as energy pricing systems, all which are necessary to stimulate energy conservation and create favourable conditions for investment in energy conservation and efficiency. This Sub-Policy also creates the conditions to increase the efficiency of the energy sector in the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, in the use of energy in the transport sector, and in the consumption of electricity by industrial, commercial and residential consumers. This Sub-Policy also facilitates Jamaica’s participation in the Clean Development Mechanism. This mechanism allows industrialized countries to more easily meet their emission reduction commitments by purchasing forms of reduction permits or units at far lower prices than they would have done were they to implement such reductions in their own countries.
The Biofuels Sub-Policy
The Biofuels Sub-Policy guides the operations and processes associated with the development of the biofuels sector with specific focus on bioethanol and biodiesel. This will involve partnerships among the energy and agriculture sectors as well as linkages with other sectors such as transport, finance and planning. This Sub-Policy establishes a strategic framework to support the development of the biofuels sector. Biofuels are derived from renewable biomass resources and therefore, provide a strategic advantage to promote sustainable development and to supplement conventional energy sources in meeting the rapidly increasing requirements for transportation fuels.
Jamaica has had over three hundred (300) years of experience in the traditional sugar cane sector, which provides access to an excellent biofuel feedstock. Biofuels can increasingly satisfy these energy needs in an environmentally benign and cost-effective manner while reducing dependence on the import of fossil fuels and thereby providing a higher degree of national energy security.
The Trading of Carbon Credits Sub-Policy
The Trading of Carbon Credits Sub-Policy was developed to create a framework for generating carbon credits. This Sub-Policy enables Jamaica’s participation in carbon trading including the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol as well as voluntary carbon schemes. The Trading of Carbon Credits Sub-Policy guides the operations and processes associated with the creation of a carbon credits trading sector in Jamaica. This Sub-Policy outlines the legal, financial and institutional framework to enable the successful functioning of a carbon credits trading system.
The National Energy‐from‐Waste Sub-Policy
The National Energy‐from‐Waste Sub-Policy was developed to ensure that “Jamaica is the regional leader in providing affordable and clean energy from waste contributing to a sustainable future.” Energy‐from‐waste is an effective method of waste management and waste volume reduction with the added benefit of generating clean energy. Potential exists for the development of renewable energy sources which can be exploited from municipal solid waste as well as from waste generated from agri‐business and wastewater treatment. Energy‐from‐waste can make a significant contribution to achieving renewable energy targets, ensuring security of energy supply.